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Let Rare Earth "Thinner" Take the High-end Road to Strengthen Industry
Published:2019-8-20
  Recently, Meng Wei, a spokesman for the National Development and Reform Commission, said at a press conference on macroeconomic operation that the state is making urgent efforts to study and introduce relevant policies and measures to give full play to the special value of rare earth as a strategic resource. From the viewpoint of the NDRC, controlling the output of rare earth will be the main trend of rare earth policy in the future. For core technology breakthroughs in high-end applications, relevant incentive policies will follow.
  It is reported that in order to promote the high-quality development of the rare earth industry, the National Development and Reform Commission has recently held three consecutive symposiums, hearing the views and suggestions of experts in the rare earth industry, key enterprises and relevant places. The purpose of these symposiums is to accelerate the construction of a rational industrial structure, advanced science and technology level, effective protection of resources and orderly production and operation of rare earth industry development pattern, and promote the high-quality development of China's rare earth industry.
  With the further prominence of rare earth strategic value, the application prospect of rare earth materials is very broad, covering rail transit, new energy vehicles, electronic information and other fields. However, the rare earth industry also faces many challenges. For example, illegal mining and illegal production have repeatedly been prohibited, resulting in low prices of rare earth products, which do not reflect the value of scarce resources; the whole rare earth industry is in the middle and low end, lack of independent intellectual property technology; the pressure of safety and environmental protection and factor cost constraints of industry development are increasingly prominent, and so on.
  Because of this, China's rare earth resources have been plagued by indiscriminate mining and other phenomena. Therefore, there were two mandatory plans for the regulation and control of the rare earth industry, one of which was the "Development Plan for the Rare Earth Industry (2016-2020)" issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in October 2016. The plan puts forward reasonable regulation and control of rare earth mining and production, and the annual production of rare earth should be controlled within 140,000 tons by 2020.
  According to this plan, the domestic rare earth industry will enter the stage of development with high-end application and high added value as a whole in 2020, giving full play to the strategic value of rare earth application function. Generally, the output of rare earth decreases, while the output of main rare earth functional materials will increase by more than 15% annually, and the proportion of middle and high-end rare earth functional materials will increase significantly.
This shows that, while controlling the output of rare earth, on the one hand, the state will vigorously extend the chain of rare earth industry and promote the development of new rare earth materials industry to a wide range, deep level, high level and clustering. On the other hand, breakthroughs will be made in basic research and key technology R&D and application as soon as possible, so as to promote the development trend of convergence among the main bodies of government, industry, University and research, promote the deep integration of industrial chain, innovation chain and capital chain, improve the service system of rare earth industry development, effectively promote the industrialization of scientific research results and support the high quality of rare earth industry. Development.
  For example, in the past two years, the Baotou rare earth high tech Zone has introduced the Baotou rare earth research and development center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Jiaotong University Baotou Material Research Institute, and the "one belt and one road" Central European key laboratory and other institutions to boost scientific research results out of the laboratory and achieve industrialization. The industrial projects of rare earth modified sapphire, high purity alumina and rare earth oxide coating have made significant technological breakthroughs and filled the industrial gap.
  The total amount control of rare earth mining in China is based on strategic considerations. The rare earth industry should take a high-end road, make the industry more refined and strong, transform resources efficiently, continuously improve the added value, and make rare earth "more scarce". Some countries have formulated a series of rare earth strategies and policies. China should also raise the rare earth industry to the top level of national strategy to design and promote high-quality development.
  If China's rare earth industry wants to promote high-quality development, it must be driven by innovation. The traditional development mode of rare earth industry has come to an end. If we can not renew the comparative advantage and rebuild the development power, the competitiveness of rare earth industry will weaken. The key to renewing the comparative advantage and rebuilding the driving force of development lies in promoting economic restructuring and improving the quality and efficiency of development through transformation, upgrading and innovative development of rare earth industry. (Extracted from China Nonferrous Network)

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