The first half of this year , the international financial crisis, rare earth product prices have been running low . Major rare earth suppliers , inventory-based consumer business to digest , causing the price of rare earth products was below the cost of production , product sales marked atrophy , resulting in rare earth industry-wide losses .
Since the second half , countries are developing " special plan for the development of rare earth industry ( 2009 -2015 ) " and " rare earth industry development policy ." With national attention on the rare earth industry at home and abroad economy gradually pick up, Ganoderma rare performance began to rise.
Rare is the periodic table 15 lanthanides plus scandium and yttrium series totaling 17 gold elements in general.
Rare known as " industrial vitamins " , its use is widespread . As long as in some traditional products by adding an appropriate amount of rare earth, will produce many magical effects. Currently, the earth has been widely used in metallurgy , petroleum, chemical, textile , medicine , agriculture and other dozens of industries . Rare steel can significantly improve the wear resistance of steel , abrasion resistance and toughness ; rare earth aluminum rod aluminum fineness in narrowing while improving strength and electrical conductivity ; rare earth pesticides sprayed on fruit trees , which can eliminate pests, but also improve the fruiting rate ; rare earth fertilizer that can improve soil structure , but also improve agricultural production ; rare earth elements can inhibit proliferation of cancer cells .
Because rare earth elements in the optical, magnetic , electric fields can produce special energy conversion , transmission, storage , and thus , through the processing of rare earth materials , has formed a rare earth permanent magnet materials, rare earth luminescent materials , rare earth laser materials , rare earth hydrogen storage materials , rare earth fiber materials, rare earth magneto-optical storage materials, rare earth superconducting materials, nuclear materials, and a number of new rare earth functional materials . Because these materials are non-polluting , high-performance and is known as "green materials " which have been or will be in the electronic information, automobile exhaust , electric cars and space , marine , biotechnology, physiology and medical fields play a huge role .
Rare has the function of cleaning up the environment . Automobile exhaust purification catalyst is the largest application of rare earth projects. Electronic information industry development in high-tech fields to the application of rare earth bring climax.
Manufacturing rare earth permanent magnet materials , magnetic materials, higher than ordinary magnet 4-10 times , especially NdFeB magnet is found in the highest permanent magnetic materials , known as the super- modern permanent magnets and the king . Since these materials have exceptional features that make electronic information equipment constantly improving performance , but also to achieve a light, thin , miniaturized. Some experts predict that the next few years, if the rare earth permanent magnet materials to get a good application , only the material output value will reach $ 3.5 billion , the radiation output value will reach hundreds of billions of dollars.
At present , our main products include all kinds of single rare earth oxides, rare earth salts , rare earth fluorides , rare earth metals , rare earth alloys and rare earth new materials ( rare earth permanent magnet materials, rare earth luminescent materials, rare earth hydrogen storage materials ) and 400 other product specifications nearly , is the world 's only large supply of various grades can , specifications country, occupying about 87% of world market share. Meanwhile , China's rare earth industry restructuring and technological progress has made new progress .
August 9 this year, organized the first forum on the development of rare earth industry , industrial and telecommunications industry Miao Wei, vice minister of the Ministry , said seven countries will strengthen management of rare earth industry , and promote the healthy development of rare earth industry :
First, as soon as possible to improve the relevant policies and regulations , and actively promote the " Rare Earth Industry Development Plan ( 2009-2015 ) " and " Rare Earth Industry Development Policy " introduced ; study the development of rare earth mining, smelting and separation enterprise industry access standards and related technical standards, guide the healthy development of rare earth industry .
Second, give full play to the role of rare inter-ministerial coordination mechanism to coordinate and solve including rare earth metals , including the management of the major issues .
Third, strengthening the industry operating regulation, from mining, smelting , marketing and other key aspects of starting , study and formulate a good annual smelting and separation of rare earth minerals and products mandatory production plans , the establishment of rare earth mining , production planning expert review system.
Fourth, through macro-control and market allocation of resources and other means to adhere to market -oriented, resources, assets , technology, and industry chain as a link, to promote the consolidation and reorganization , the rare earth industry bigger and stronger . Actively promote the construction product standards and China Rare Earth Rare Earth Industry Association, established to strengthen the industry self-regulation and foreign rights .
Five national mining plan is in line with the Ministry of Land , by bidding transfer means, the compensatory transfer of mining rights to strength and has a strong sense of social responsibility of large enterprise groups , the construction of a large number of high technical standards rare earth mine , there are plans to implement protective exploitation , increase resource conservation efforts.
Six is the perfect fit Commerce Department export management mechanism, to further refine the sound of rare earth export tariff , strict accreditation rare earth export enterprises , improve the rare earth export quota allocation , to prevent loss of resources . Seven is actively seeking to increase the CPC financial support for the work of rare earth application development , strengthen basic theory and original technology development , and promote China with independent intellectual property rights to participate in international competition.